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Agave americana var. marginata


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Agave americana var. marginata

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Agave americana var. marginata is an old cultivar of Agave americana and has beautiful yellow variegation on the outside margins of its leaves. Individuals can grow to about ten feet in diameter with some some of the outer leaves bending downward giving the plant an overall “relaxed” appearance.

Variegated leaves are green/blue/gray with yellow margins. Lower leaves recurve giving the plant a more relaxed appearance. Leaves have spines on their margins and a long spine at the leaf end. Care must be taken to locate this plant away from foot traffic. When a plant blooms, it sends up a single erect flower stalk from the center of the leave rosette; this spike can reach 40 feet tall. The flower stalk resembles a narrow telephone pole with horizontal branches that hold the flowers spreading out at the top. 3-4 inch greenish-yellow flowers bloom sequentially in panicles at the branch ends. The plant is deer and rodent resistant. The plant’s sap can irritate skin – so do not trim with a chainsaw. It grows faster in summer with some additional irrigation.

Horticultural Data

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Names and Synonyms: Agave ingens var. picta, Agave zonata, Agave virginica, Agave variegata, Agave americana var. theometel, Agave theometel, Agave subzonata, Agave spectabilis, Agave ramosa, Agave picta, Agave altissima, Agave rasconensis, Agave milleri, Agave communis, Agave complicata, Agave felina, Agave fuerstenbergii, Agave gracilispina, Agave ingens, Agave melliflua

Common Names: Variegated Century Plant, American Agave, Maguey

Family: Agavaceae

Origin: Mexico

Size Label: 1 Gallon

Mature Size: individual rosette

Height: 4-6′

Width: 8-10′

Cold Tolerance: 15 to 20°F, ?9.4 ° to -6.7°C

Heat Tolerance: Extreme

Light Requirement: Full sun

Water needs: Extremely drought tolerant. Can take occasional irrigation in dry climates

Maintenance: Plan for the plant’s mature size and locate it carefully to allow for easy bi-annual maintenance. Remove pups, dead leaves and spine tips (as desired).

Uses: Dramatic large landscape or specimen plant, xeriscape, excellent in rock gardens, barrier plantings. Striking for large containers.

Propagation: Plant is monocarpic and dies after flowering. However plant produces abundant seed after flowering. ‘Pups’ can be detached and replanted at any time.

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Shipping & Availability

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There is a minimum purchase of any 4 plants for online orders. All plants shipped bare root. Other sizes may be available for pick up from our growing grounds in Fallbrook, CA. For more information, give us a call at 760-990-4762.
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