Furcraea macdougalii

  • Furcreaea_macdougali_box

5 Gallon

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Furcraea macdougalii

  • Names and Synonyms:  
    Furcraea macdougalii
  • Common Names:  
    Macdougall's Furcraea, Tree Furcraea
  • Family:  
  • Origin:  
    Grows in dry thorn forests in calcareous soils from 2,600 to 3,300 feet near Puebla in Oaxaca, Mexico
  • Size Label:  
    5 Gallon
  • Height:  
  • Width:  
  • USDA Zones:  
  • Cold Tolerance:  
    20 to 25°F, -6.7 to -3.9°C
  • Heat Tolerance:  
    Very high heat tolerance
  • Light Requirement:  
    Full sun
  • Water needs:  
    Very drought tolerant
  • Maintenance:  
    Remove dead leaves to reveal trunk if desired.
  • Uses:  
    This striking landscape plant is prized by designers and collectors. Furcraea macdougalii makes a beautiful focal specimen, and works well in larger scale xeriscape, cactus and succulent gardens. Furcraea macdougalii also makes a nice vertical container plant when it is young. Requires excellent drainage. One of the most outstanding features of Furcrea macdougalii is its straight up appearance. The leaves all reach straight up giving it an unusual vertical dimension. This plant is usually propagated from bulbils which might explain its sporadic availability.
  • Propagation:  
    This plant is monocarpic and dies after flowering. Many bubils form at the base of the flower spike and can be detached and replanted. Seeds can also be collected and sown.
  • Problems:  
    Root rot in poor draining soils.
  • Special notes:  
    This is one of the most spectacular and dramatic plants in the Agave family. It grows from a large rosette with 6 foot long dark blue-green narrow leaves that point stiffly upward. It eventually forms a trunk up to 20 feet high, though 8-10 feet is more common in a garden setting. The leaves have small hooked teeth on their margins. A mature plant resembles a cross between an agave and a small palm. After 25-40 years growth in a garden setting, the plant sends up a 20 foot flower spike which has pendant white flowers. After flowering the plant dies but produces seed and many small bubils along the flowering stalk which can be removed and planted.